重庆地区晚熟柑橘种植技术!

           

网上兼职赚钱指南ZHONGQINGSANXIAKUQUZHONGZHIGANJIE,MEIYOUZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUCHANQUCHANGYUDAODEZHOUQIXINGDONGHAI,SANXIAKUQUXUSHUIHOU,KESHIYANJIANGDIQUDONGJIPINGJUNQIWENSHANGSHENG0.3~1.0℃,XIAJIQIWENXIAJIANG1.0~1.2℃,SHIWOGUOWANSHUGANJIEFAZHANDEZUIANQUANQUHESHENGTAIZUISHIYIQU。BENWENJIANGZHUYAOJIESHAOGAIDIQUDEWANSHUGANJUZHONGZHIJISHU,TONGSHIWEIQITADIQUWANSHUGANJUDEZHONGZHIYOUHUATIGONGJIEJIANCANKAO!

种植区域与品种选择

网上兼职赚钱指南WEIBIMIANWANSHUGANJIEDONGJIDALIANGLUOGUO,BAOZHENGCHANLIANGHEPINZHI,ZHONGZHIQUYUNIANPINGJUNWENDUZUIHAOZAI18℃YISHANG(BUNENGDIYU17.5℃),1YUEPINGJUNWENDUZUIHAOZAI10℃YISHANG(BUNENGDIYU7℃),YOUQISHIJIDUANDIWENBUDEDIYU-3℃,NIANRIZHAOZUIHAO1500XIAOSHIYISHANG(BUDEDIYU1300XIAOSHI),NIANJIANGSHUILIANG1200mmYISHANG。JUCI,ZHONGQINGSHISANXIAKUQUZIWANZHOUYIDONGZHANGJIANGYANANHAIBA400mYIXIADIQUDOUSHIYIZHONGZHIWANSHUGANJIE。SHIYIZHONGQINGZHONGZHIDEWANSHUGANJIEPINZHONGYOUFENGJIEWANCHENG、W·MOKETE、TALUOKEXUECHENG、HONGROUQICHENG、BAOWEIERQICHENG、BANFEIERQICHENG、QIESILETEQICHENG、XIAJINQICHENG、AOLINDAXIACHENG、LUDEHONGXIACHENGDENG。

网上兼职赚钱指南JIANYIXUANYONGJIANZHUANGRONGQIMIAO。RONGQIMIAOCHUPUBIAOZHUN:JIAJIEKOUSHANGFANG2cmCHUZHIJING≥0.8cm(ZAGAN≥0.7cm),MIAOGAO60cmYISHANG,ZHIYEJIANQUAN,YESENONGLV,GENJINGHEZHUGENBUNIUQU,ZHUGENZHANG20cmZUOYOU,XUGENFADA。

土肥水管理

充分利用表土网上兼职赚钱指南   改土时充分利用表土来回填定植穴(壕)保证土壤肥力,是晚熟柑桔定植成功的关键。对于水田或低洼地首先要纵横开深沟(沟深0.8m)排水,然后充分利用表层土起垄。

定植后要深翻熟化土壤网上兼职赚钱指南  定植3年后,根系已长满定植穴,在株行距间进行深翻压肥,才能满足树体继续生长发育需要。深翻在每年冬季进行,在树冠外围两边开条沟,沟深40~50cm,宽在定植穴外围至两行树冠之间。当年在果树行间深翻,次年在果树株间深翻。深翻要点:一是充分利用好表层土;二是深翻必须把吸收根处的板结土壤弄开;三是回填压肥,把作物稿秆和无污染的有机肥混合表土填下层,把表土和较好的肥料放于吸收根周围,底层土放上面。

WANSHUGANJIEZAIZHANGJIANGLIANGANZHONGZHI,ZHINENGWAXUEZAIZHI。DINGZHI3~5NIANHOU,CAIQUZHUNIANSHENFAN。MEINIANZHINENGZAISHUGUANWAIWEISIZHOUSHENFANKUAN30~50cm、SHEN40cm。ZHEIZHONGZHUNIANSHENFANKUOXUEDEFANGFA,JINENGBAOZHENGSHUTIZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANGFAYU,YOUNENGQIDAOLIANGHAODESHUITUBAOCHIZUOYONG。

施肥

施肥时间和施肥量 根据重庆市生产实际,将施肥时间和施肥量总结如下:(单位g/株)

施肥方法

YOUSHUSHIFEI:GOUSHIWEIZHU,SASHIWEIFU。GOUSHISHIQIWEI3YUE、7YUEHE9YUEFEN,ZAISHUGUANDISHUINEIWAIWAHUANZHUANG、TIAOZHUANGHUOFANGSHEZHUANGSHIFEIGOU,GOUZHANGSUISHUGUANDAXIAOERDING,GOUKUAN20cmZUOYOU,GOUSHEN10~20cm。YAOGENJUFEILIAODEZHONGLEILAIQUEDINGSHIFEIGOUDESHENQIAN,JIFEISHIDANGSHENSHI,CUSHIGENWANGXIASHENGZHANG;LINJIAFEIZAITUZHONGBUYIYIDONG,YINGSHIZAIXUGENJIZHONGQU;NIAOSUDENGDANFEIZAITURANGZHONGYIDONGXINGQIANG,SHIFEIGOUWA10cmZUOYOU。SASHIYAOQIUDINGZHIXUEYAOYOU80cmSHENDEBIAOTU。SASHIZAI4YUE、5YUE、6YUEHE8YUEJINXING,YONGNIAOSUSAYUSHUGUANDISHUIXIANZHOUWEI,SASHIQIANJIANGSHUPANZACAOYONGCHUCAOJIHUORENGONGCHUQU,XIAYUQIANSASHIXIAOGUOZUIHAO。

CHENGNIANSHUSHIFEI:GOUSHISHIQIWEI2YUEXIAXUNZHI3YUESHANGXUN、7YUESHANGZHONGHE9YUEZHONGXUNZHI10YUEZHONGXUN。SASHISHIQIWEI4YUEXIAXUNZHI5YUESHANGXUN。

根外追肥 网上兼职赚钱指南在各次抽梢前后各喷一次根外追肥,以增加树体营养。根外追肥浓度一般为0.3%尿素+0.2%磷酸二氢钾(或0.3%硫酸钾复合肥)。6—9月每月在根外追肥中加入大生等杀菌剂,有害虫时加入杀虫剂,以防病虫害早期侵害果蒂而加剧冬季落果。

灌水

12YUE、2YUEHE3YUEZHONGXIAXUNGEGUANYICITOUSHUI。WANSHUGANJIEGUAGUOYUEDONG,DUISHUIFENYAOQIUJIAODUO,RUOSHUIFENTAISHAOJIANGZAOCHENGDONGJIDALIANGLUOGUO。ZHONGQINGDONGJIDEZHENGFALIANGDAYUJIANGYULIANG,ZAI12YUE、2YUEHE3YUEZHONGXIAXUNSHIFEIJIEHEGUANYICITOUSHUI,BUJINKEYIJIANSHAODONGJILUOGUO,HAIKEBIMIANHUOJIANQINGCHUNJICHOUSHAOKAIHUAGUODUOXIAOHAOGUOSHIYANGFENZAOCHENGGUOROULIHUAWENTI,TIGAOGUOSHIPINZHI。

花果管理

促花

网上兼职赚钱指南CHUJIEGUOSHUDEQIAN3NIAN,SHUTISHENGZHANGFAYUDETEXINGSHIHUALIANGSHAO、XIASHAODUOHELUOGUOZHONG。DUIYUSHENGZHANGFAYUJIAOWANGDESHU,QIUDONGJISHIDUGANHAN,BINGZAI9—10YUEHUAYASHENGLIFENHUAQIZAICEZHISHANGYONGDIANGONGDAOHUANGE3QUAN,MEIQUANXIANGJU2~3cm,SHENDAMUZHIBU,CUJINHUAYAXINGCHENG。ZAISHENGCHANZHONG,GUONONGWEIZHUIQIUCHANLIANGHESHENGGONG,BUFENSHUTIZHANGSHI,WANGWANGZAIZHUGANSHANGHUANGE,CHANGZAOCHENGHUADUO、YEHUANGHELUOGUOYANZHONG。HUANGEGUOZHONGSHI,YAOJINXINGYEMIANSHIFEIBUCHONGYINGYANG。YIBANHUANGEZHINENGZAIWANGSHUCEZHISHANGJINXING。

保果

CHUJIEGUOSHU3NIANNEI。HUAXIE2/3SHI,PENYICIBAOGUOJI,GE15~20TIANZAIPENYICI。BAOGUOJIDEZUCHENG:SHUI10kg,GA

3

0.05~1.0G(两次用药,前低后高),2,4-D  0.15~0.2g(两次用药,前低后高),尿素30g,磷酸二氢钾20g,菊酯类农药(用量依含量而定,下同),敌百虫,大生等杀菌剂。通过保果,可明显抑制夏梢,促进秋梢抽发,减少冬季落果,能尽早达到生长与结果的平衡。对于所抽夏梢,要及时抹除。

网上兼职赚钱指南CHENGNIANSHUSHENGZHANGFAYUZHENGCHANGSHI,YIBANBUNENGBAOGUO,BAOGUOJIANGZAOCHENGZHEGUODUOHEGUOSHIBIANXIAO,YANZHONGYINGXIANGGUOSHIDESHANGPINXING。JIEGUOSHAODENIANFEN,ZAIDIYICISHENGLILUOGUOHOUDIERCISHENGLILUOGUOQIANYONGSHANGSHUBAOGUOYAOJIBAOGUOYICI。

整形修剪

整形

网上兼职赚钱指南YIBANCAIYONGZIRANYUANTOUXINGHEZIRANKAIXINXINGSHUXING,GENJUFENZHIZUOSHIDANGDIAOZHENG。GANGAO30~40cm,ZHUZHI3~4GE,GEZHUZHISHANGPEIZHIFUZHUZHI2~3GE。SHUGUANXINGCHENGHOU,ZAIDINGBULUOTOUKAIXIN。

修剪

DINGZHIHOU5NIANNEIBUYONGXIUJIAN。DUIYUGUOZHANGDEXIASHAO,LIU8~10PIANYEZHAIXIN,YICUJINCHOUFAGENGDUOQIUSHAO。DUIYUJIJIANGFENGLINGUOYUAN,CAIYONGJIANHUAXIUJIANKONGZHI:ZHANGFANGXINGDINGZHIDEGUOYUAN,ZHUJUJIANBAOCHI30~50cm,XINGJUJIANBAOCHI80~100cm;ZHENGFANGXINGDINGZHIDEGUOYUAN,ZHUXINGJUJIANBAOCHI80cmZUOYOU。YIZHUSHUZHEZHONGKAOLV3GEBUWEI:

SHUGUANDINGBUMIJICHUKAICHU“TIANCHUANG”;SHUGUANZHONGBUSIZHOUGAO2/3CHUJINXINGSHIDANGHUISUO(ZHONGJIE4~5 NIANSHENGZHIZU)、DUANJIE(1~2NIANSHENGZHIJIANQUYIDUAN)HESHUJIAN(CONGZHITIAOJIBUJIANCHU);SHUGUANXIABUJIANCHUGUODIXIACHUIZHI。ZHEIZHONGXIUJIANNENGHELILIYONGGUANGZHAO,YOULIYULITIJIEGUO,TIGAONEITANGGUOZHILIANG,LIYUBINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI。

WANSHUGANJIECHENGNIANSHUHUALIANGJIAODA。QUANSHUYAOQIUJIANCHU30%ZUOYOUDEWUXIAOHUA。ZAI11—12YUE,GENJUSHUSHIQIANGRUO,ANZHISHAOLEIXINGZUOSHU、DUAN、SUOXIUJIAN,YIQUEDINGCINIANCHANLIANG。DUI3PIANYEYINEIDERUOCHUNSHAOYAOQUANBUJIANCHU。XIASHAOCHOUFASHILIU8~10YEJISHIZHAIXIN。QIUSHAOMUZHIWEIDUOHUAZHI,DUI50%ZUOYOU20cmYISHANGDEZHIDUANJIE1/3~2/3,YIJIANSHAOHUALIANG。WANQIUSHAOHUAZHICHA,QUANBUJIANCHU。

病虫害防治

植物检疫

网上兼职赚钱指南MIAOMUYIDINGYAOJINGGUONONGYEZHIJIANBUMENJIANYI,FAJIZHIWUJIANYIZHENGHOU,CAIZHUNDIAORU。

清园

PENSASHILIUHEJIDENGQINGYUAN,SHAMIEYUEDONGBINGCHONG。GENJUSHENGZHANGSHIQUEDINGQINGYUANQI,SHENGZHANGSHIHAODEJIEGUOSHUYIBANZAIGUOSHICAISHOUXIUJIANHOUQINGYUAN,GUANLICHASHENGZHANGSHIRUODESHUZAICHUNJIMENGFAQIANQINGYUAN。

综合防治

ZHONGQINGSHIZAIGANJIEGAOBIAOZHUNYUANCHUANGJIANZHONG,ZHUZHONGBINGCHONGHAIFASHENGGUILVGUANCHA,CAIYONGWUGONGHAINONGYAOTIAOZHI。MEI(50MU)ANYIZHANTAIYANGNENGSHACHONGDENGFANGZHIELEI。MEI1MUGUAHUANGSENIANCHONGBAN15~20ZHANGYOUSHAHAICHONG。GANJIEYUANSHIFANGBUSHIMANFANGZHIHONGZHIZHUHEHUANGZHIZHU。BINGCHONGHAIZONGHEFANGZHIQUDAIHUAXUEFANGZHIWEIZHUDEYONGYAOFANGSHI,JIJIANSHAOLEYONGYAOCHENGBEN,YOUNENGBAOZHENGGUOSHIDESHIYONGANQUANXING。