权威发布:西瓜避雨减肥减药健康栽培技术

             

网上兼职赚钱指南    XIGUASHIRENMENFEICHANGXIAIDESHUIGUO。SUIZHERENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAO,DUIXIGUADEPINZHIHEANQUANTICHULEGENGGAOYAOQIU。BIYUZAIPEIZHILIYONGDISHANGFUGAISHESHI,ZAIZUOWUSHENGZHANGQIANQIJINXINGBAOWEN,HOUQIJINXINGBIYUFUGAIZAIPEI,JIANSHAOWAIJIEBULIANGHUANJING,TEBIESHIYUSHUIYINGXIANGDEZAIPEIFANGSHI。BIYUZAIPEINENGGOUDADAJIANGDITIANJIANSHIDU,JIANSHAOBINGHAIDEFASHENG,CONGERJIANSHAONONGYAODESHIYONGLIANG,TONGSHIZAIZAIPEIGUOCHENGZHONGCAIYONGYOUJIFEIBUFENDAITIHUAFEI,CONGERTIGAOLECHANPINPINZHIHEANQUANXING,YINCIBIYUJIANFEIJIANYAOJIANKANGZAIPEIJISHUYUELAIYUESHOUDAOGUANGDAZHONGZHIHUDEQINGLAI。

(一)品种选择

网上兼职赚钱指南    XUANYONGZAOSHU、PINZHIHAO、KANGBINGXINGQIANGDEPINZHONG。XIAOGUOXINGPINZHONGKEXUANYONG“ZAOCHUNHONGYU”、“WANFULAI”DENG,ZHONGGUOXINGPINZHONGKEXUANYONG“ZAOJIA”、“JINGXINXILIE”DENG。

(二)播种育苗

   1、BOZHONGQI

    DAZHONGPENGZAIPEIDEYUMIAOBOZHONGQIYIWEI12YUEXIAXUN~2YUESHANGXUN,XIAOGONGPENGZAIPEIDEYUMIAOBOZHONGQIYIWEI2YUESHANGZHONGXUN。

   2、YUMIAOFANGFA

    CHUNBOYICAIQUBAOHUDIYINGYANGBOHUOXUEPANYUMIAO,YEKEWEITUOYUMIAOGONGCHANGYUMIAO。

网上兼职赚钱指南   3、MIAOCHUANGZHUNBEIJIYINGYANGTUPEIZHI

网上兼职赚钱指南    YINGXUANYONGYOUJIZHIFENGFU、JIEGOUSHUSONG、TOUQIXINGHAO、BAOSHUIBAOFEINENGLIQIANG、WUBINGCHONG、WUWURANWU、SANNIANNEIMEIYOUZHONGGUOGUALEIZUOWUDETURANGPEIZHIYINGYANGTU,HUOYONGCAOTANTU、ZHENZHUYANPEIZHIYUMIAOJIZHI。YINGYANGTUDEPEIZHIBILIWEIGANXITU90%、FUSHUYOUJIFEI10%;YUMIAOJIZHIDEPEIZHIBILIWEICAOTANTU80%、ZHENZHUYAN20%。JIANGYINGYANGTUZHUANGRUKOUJINGHEGAOJUNWEI8cmDESULIAOYINGYANGBO,HUOJIANGYUMIAOJIZHIZHUANGRU50KONGYUMIAOXUEPAN。

   4、ZHONGZIXIAODUJIJINZHONGCUIYA

    XUANZEQINGTIANSHAIZHONG1d~2d,RANHOUYONGSHAJUNJI1HAODUIZHONGZIJINXINGXIAODU,SHAJUNJI1HAOXISHI200BEI(XIANPEIXIANYONG),JINPAOXIGUAZHONGZI1XIAOSHI(MEIGUOZHONGZIWEIYI),YONGDALIANGQINGSHUICHONGXI4-5CI,MEICIYONGSHUILIANGYUEWEIYAOJIYONGLIANGDE10BEIWEIHAO,MEICIQINGSHUIJINPAO10FENZHONG(JIAOBANZHONGZI),HUOLIUSHUICHONGXI30FENZHONG,CHONGXIGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANJIAOBANZHONGZI。QINGXIGANJINGHOUYONG55℃WENSHUIJINZHONGBINGJIAOBAN15min,DAISHUIWENZIRANJIANGZHISHIWENHOUJINZHONG2h,LAOQIHOUXIJINGZHONGZIBIAOMIANZHANYE,SHUAIGANBIAOMIANSHUIFENHOUZAI28℃~30℃ TIAOJIANXIACUIYA24h~36h,YAZHANG1mm~3mmSHIBOZHONG。

   5、BOZHONG

    BOZHONGQIAN1dJIANGYINGYANGBOHUOXUEPANJIAOTOUSHUI。BOZHONGSHI,YINGYANGBOMEIBOHUOXUEPANMEIXUEBO1LIFAYADEZHONGZI,ZHONGZIYAOPINGFANG。BOHOUFUGAI1cm~1.5cmHOUSHUSONGSHIRUNDEYINGYANGTUHUOJIZHI,RANHOUFUGAIDIMOBAOWENBAOSHI。

   6、MIAOCHUANGGUANLI。

    CHUMIAOQIANWENDUYIWEI28℃~30℃。DANG40%~50%DEZHONGZICHUMIAOHOUJISHIJIEQUDIMO。CHUMIAOHOUZHOUWENYIWEI25℃ZUOYOU,YEWENYIWEI16℃ZUOYOU。ZAIDINGZHIQIAN7d~10dJINXINGLIANMIAO,YEWENJIANGZHI13℃~15℃。MIAOQISHIDANGKONGZHISHUIFEN,MIAOCHUANGBIAOMIANFABAISHIKESHILIANGJIAOSHUI,JIAOSHUIYIZAISHANGWUJINXING。

(三)整地施肥

   1、XUANDI

网上兼职赚钱指南    YINGXUANZETURANGFEIWO、PAIGUANFANGBIAN、TONGTOUXINGHAODESHAZHITUHUORANGTUTIANKUAI。QIANCHAZUOWUYIWEIDATIANZUOWU,BUNENGYUQITAGUALEISHUCAIZUOWULIANZUO,LUNZUONIANXIANBUSHAOYUSANNIAN。  

   2、YOUJIFEIDAITIHUAFEI

    YOUJIFEITIDAIHUAFEISHIXINGSHIXUYAO,YESHISHIXIANCHANPINYOUZHIDEYOUXIAOCUOSHI。GUOQUWEILEBAOGONGJI,HUAFEIYONGLIANGGUODUO,ZHEIBUJINDAILAICHENGBENDEZENGJIA,YEJISHENGTAIHUANJINGDAILAILEYIXIEFUMIANYINGXIANG。XIANZAIHUAFEIJIANLIANG,KAIZHANYOUJIFEITIDAIHUAFEI,BUSHIBUYAOHUAFEI,ERSHIXUYAOBAGUOQUBUHELIDEDALIANGSHIYONGLIANGJIANGXIALAI。DINGZHIQIAN10dSHIRUJIFEI,MEI667PINGFANGMISHIRUYOUZHIFUSHUYOUJIFEI2000kg~3000kg,HANLIUSANYUANFUHEFEI25kg,KAIGOUSHENSHI,HUAFEIYONGLIANGYUEWEIGUOQUCHUANTONGZAIPEIYONGLIANGDEYIBAN。

有机肥代替化肥

    3、ZHENGDIKAIXIANG

    YIGENGLIANGPA,PADIZAIPEIZHENGCHENGXIANGMIANKUAN2.2mZUOYOU,GOUKUAN0.3mZUOYOUDEXIANG;LIJIAZAIPEIZHENGCHENGXIANGMIANKUAN1.2mZUOYOU,GOUKUAN0.3mZUOYOUDEXIANG。JIANGXIANGMIANZHENGXI、PAPING。CAIYONGMOXIADIGUAN,MANFUDIMOFUGAIZAIPEI。

(四)避雨设施

网上兼职赚钱指南    CAIYONGKUADU6m~8m,DINGGAO2.5m~3.5mDEREDUXINGANGGUANHUOSHUINIGUJIADAPENG,HUOKUADU4m~6m,DINGGAO1.5m~1.8mDEZHUJIAZHONGPENG,HUOKUADUKUANDU1.8m~2.0m,DINGGAO0.3m~0.5mDEZHUJIAXIAOGONGPENG。

钢架大棚

竹架中棚

小拱棚

(五)定植

   MIAOLING2YE1XIN~3YE1XINSHI,XUANQINGHAOTIANQIDINGZHI。PADIZAIPEIDEZAIXIANGMIANZHONGJIANDINGZHI1XING,ZHUJUYIWEI50cm~55cm;LIJIAZAIPEIDEMEIXIANGZAI2XING,ZHUJU50cm~60cm。JIAOZUDINGGENSHUI,FENGHAODINGZHIKONG(TEBIEZHUYI:ZAOCHUNDINGZHISHIBUYIJIAODASHUI)。DAZHONGPENGZAIPEIDEMIFENGPENGMO,XIAOGONGPENGZAIPEIDECHAHAOZHUPIAN,FUGAIPENGMO。

 (六)大田管理

   1、WENDUGUANLI

    HUANMIAOQIZHOUWENYIWEI28℃~30℃,YEWENYIWEI18℃~25℃;TUANKEQIZHISHENMANQIZHOUWENYIWEI25℃~30℃,CHAOGUO35℃SHIYINGSHIDANGTONGFENGJIANGWEN,YEWENYIWEI15℃~20℃;KAIHUAJIEGUOQIZHOUWENYIWEI30℃~32℃,YEWEN15℃~20℃。

   2、BIYUGUANLI

    DANGRIPINGJUNWENDUWENDINGDADAO22℃SHI,GANGGUANHUOSHUINIGUJIADAPENGCHAICHUBIANMO,BAOLIUDINGBUBOMOZHEYU;ZHUJIAZHONGPENGJIANGLIANGCEDEBIANMOJIEQI,GUDINGZAIPENGJIASHANG,DINGBUFUGAIJINXINGZHEYU;XIAOGONGPENGZEZAIQINGTIANJIANGLIANGCEDEPENGMOXIANGSHANGSHOULONGCHENGYITIAO,YIKAOYAMOXIANGUDINGZAIZHUPIANSHANGMIAN,XIAYUSHIJIANGMOFANGXIAJINXINGZHEYU。

   3、GUANGZHAOGUANLI

    XIGUAYAOQIUJIAOQIANGDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDU,DANYOUYUPENGMOBIAOMIANJIELUZHUHUOBIAOMIANBUJIEJING,TEBIESHIZAIDUOCENGFUGAIQINGKUANGXIA,CHANGSHITOUSHERUPENGNEIDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUJIANGDI。YINCIDAPENGZAIPEIYINGZHUYIBAOCHIPENGMOJIEJING,BUYAOYONGTOUGUANGHENCHADEJIUBOMO。YANGEZHENGZHI、JISHIBANGMAN、DACHA,JIANSHAOXIGUAXINGJIANYUBI,SHISHIDADING,ZHIZHUDINGBUYEPIANJUPENGDINGBOMOYOU30-40LIMIDEJULI,YILIYUTONGFENGHUANQI。

   4、SHUIFEIYITIGUANLI

网上兼职赚钱指南    SHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUSHIJIANGSHIFEIYUGUANGAIJIEHEZAIYIQIDENONGYEXINJISHU。TATONGGUOYALIGUANDAOXITONGYUANZHUANGZAIMOJIGUANDAOSHANGDEGUANSHUIQI,JIANGFEILIAORONGYEYIJIAOXIAOLIULIANGJUNYUN、ZHUNQUEDIZHIJIESHUSONGDAOZUOWUGENBUFUJINDETURANGBIAOMIANHUOTUCENGZHONGDEGUANSHUISHIFEIFANGFA,KEYIBASHUIHEYANGFENANZHAOZUOWUSHENGZHANGXUQIU,DINGLIANG、DINGSHIZHIJIEGONGJIZUOWU。QITEDIANSHINENGGOUJINGQUEDIKONGZHIGUANSHUILIANGHESHIFEILIANG,XIANZHUTIGAOSHUIFEILIYONGLV。

    JIEHEGUANSHUI,CAIYONGSHUIFEIYITIJISHU,SHENMANFEIGENJUGUAMIAOZHANGSHI,MEI667PINGFANGMIKEZHUISHIJIAQIAOSUDENGCHONGSHIFEI5kg~10kg;PENGGUAFEIZAIDIYIPIGUAZHANGDAOJIDANDAXIAOSHI,MEI667PINGFANGMISHIJIAQIAOSUCHONGSHIFEIHUOZHAOYE10kg~15kg;DAZHONGPENGZAIPEIDEKECAISHOU2PI~3PIGUA,ZAIDIYIPIGUASHOUHUOHOUYINGZAIZHUIFEIYICI,YIHOUMEISHOUHUOYIPIZHUIFEIYICI,YONGLIANGKANMIAOQINGZHANGSHIERDING。

水肥一体

   5、ZHENGZHILIMAN

    DAPENGMIZHITIAOJIANXIA,YAOSHIXINGJIAOYANGEDEZHENGZHI,YIBANCAIYONGYIZHUYICESHUANGMANZHENGZHIFAZHENGZHI。DANGCEMANZHANGDAO20LIMIZUOYOUSHI,CONGZHONGXUANLIUYITIAOJIANZHUANGCEMAN,QIYUCEMANYINGJISHIZHAICHU,FANGZHITUZHANGHEXINGJIANYUBI。ZAIZUOGUOJIEWEISHANGBIANZAILIU10-15PIANYE,JIKEDADING。XIGUAPENGDAHOU,DINGBUZAISHENCHUDECEMAN,YINGYIBUZHEGUANGWEIYUANZEJUEDINGQULIU,RUOZHIZHUJIANZHUANGYEKEBULIU。

    DAPENGZHIJIAZAIPEIKEYONGDIAOSHENG,YEKECAIYONGZHUMUZHIJIA。ZAIDINGZHIHOU20TIAN,ZHUMANZHANGDAO30LIMIZUOYOU,YINGJISHIDIAOMANHUOCHAJIABANGMAN。JIANGDIAOSHENGXIZAIZHIZHUJIBUBINGJIANGGUAMANCHANRAODAODIAOSHENGSHANG,YIHOUGUAMANMEISHENGZHANG20-30LIMICHANRAO1CI;HUODAJIANZHIJIABINGJISHIBANGMAN,BANGMANCAIYONG“8”ZIXINGKOU,JIANGGUAMANLAOGUDIBANGZAILIGANSHANG,FANGZHITUOXIA。TONGSHIYINGZHUYILIMAN,SHIYEPIANHEGUATAIHELIFENBU,WUZHEDUANNENMANYE、CIHUAHUOGUATAI。BANGMANHEZHENGZHIKEJIEHEJINXING。

    DIPAZAIPEIZAISHENMANHOUJISHIJINXINGYINMANHEZHENGZHI,DAPENGNEIKEJIANDANYAMAN,HUOZAIQIMIANPUCAODAITIYAMAN。DANYINGCAIQUJIAOYANGEDEZHENGZHI,MIZHISHIYINGYONGSHUANGMANZHENGZHIFA,ZAIXIZHISHIKECAIYONG3-4MANZHENGZHI,BINGJISHIDACHAHEQUDING,FANGZHIMANYEYONGJIHEZHONGDIE。

   6、RENGONGSHOUFEN

网上兼职赚钱指南    DI1CIHUAZHAICHU,DUIDI2CIHUAJINXINGRENGONGFUZHUSHOUFEN, YIZAIKAIHUAQIMEITIANSHANGWU7SHI~l0SHIJINXING,JIANGDANGTIANKAIFANGDEXIONGHUAHUABANFANZHUAN,ZAICIHUAZHUTOUSHANGJUNYUNTUMO。YIYONGBUTONGYANSEYOUQITUGUOBINGHUOJIANGTUYOUYOUQIDEZHUQIANHUOXIANSHENGCHAHUOBANGZAIGUAPANGBIAOJIZUOGUORIQI。

   7、XUANGUALIUGUA

    YIYUGUOSHIZHIJING4cm~5cmSHI,XUANLIUGUAXINGZHOUZHENGDEGUAZUOSHANGPINGUA。XIAOGUOXINGPINZHONGMEIZHULIU2GE~3GEGUA,ZHONGGUOXINGPINZHONGMEIZHULIU1GEGUA。LIJIAZAIPEIDE,YIYUGUAZHONG200g~250gSHI,YONGSULIAOSHENGBANGFUGUOGENGHUOYONGSULIAOWANGDAIJINXINGDIAOGUA。

(七)病虫害防治

    ZHUYAOBINGHAIYOUTANJUBING、YIBING、MANKUBING、KUWEIBING、XIJUNXINGJIAOBANBING、BINGDUBING、GENJIEXIANCHONGBINGDENG;ZHUYAOCHONGHAIYOUYACHONG、YANFENSHI、JIMA、GUAJUANMING、HUANGSHOUGUA、BANQIANYINGDENG。TIANJIANYINGJINKENENGJIANSHAOPENSAHUAXUENONGYAO,YONGZHIWUBINGDURUOZHUXIN14FANGZHIBINGDUBING,NONGKANG120、WUYIJUNSU、DUOKANGLINGFANGZHIZHENJUNXINGBINGHAI,NONGYONGLIANMEISUFANGZHIXIJUNXINGBINGHAI。ZHANGWOBINGCHONGHAIFASHENGGUILV,YIYUFANGWEIZHU。RUTANJUBINGSHIZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUDIQUXIGUAHOUQIZHUYAOFASHENGDEBINGHAI,QIEZAI5YUEZHONGXIAXUNDAO6YUESHANGZHONGXUNDALIANGFASHENG,CAIYONGBIYUZAIPEI,BINGZAIGUANJIANSHIQILIYONGSHENGWUNONGYAOJINXINGYUFANG,HOUQIDETANJUBINGDEFASHENGJILVHEFASHENGCHENGDUKEYOUXIAOJIANGDI。CHONGHAIKEYONGWULIHESHENGWUFANGFAFANGZHI,RUBAOHUTIANDI,LIYONGTIANDIYIZHIHAICHONG,RUSHIFANGCHIYANFENGDENGTIANDIFANGZHIHAICHONG。SHIYONGSHENGWUZHIJIFANGZHIHAICHONG,RUYONGBtRUJI,FANGZHICAIQINGCHONG。HAIKEYONGHUANGBAN、LANBANHESHACHONGDENG,YOUSHAHAICHONG。CHUANTONGZAIPEIGUANLIFANGSHIZHENGGESHENGYUQISHIYONGHUAXUENONGYAO5-6CI,CAIYONGBIYUSHUANGJIANJIANKANGZAIPEIJISHUKESHIHUAXUENONGYAOSHIYONGCISHUJIANSHAODAO3-4CI,ZONGHEJISUANHUAXUENONGYAOYONGLIANGKEJIANSHAOSHIYONG30%-35%,YOUXIAOTIGAOCHANPINDEANQUANXING。

黄板、蓝板诱杀害虫

(八)采收

    BIAOJIRIQIHOUSHIJIANDADAOGAIPINZHONGGUOSHIFAYUTIANSHU,HUOGUOSHIBIAOMIANRONGMAOXIAOSHI,WAIGUANCHENGXIANGAIPINZHONGCHENGSHUSHIGUYOUTEZHENGJIWEICHENGSHU。ZAIDANGDISHANGSHIXIAOSHOUDEGUAYIJIUCHENGSHUCAISHOU,WAIYUNXIAOSHOUDEGUAYIBAZHIJIUCHENGSHUCAISHOU。CAISHOUYIZAISHANGWUJINXING。CAISHOUSHILIUZHANGYUE3cm~5cmDEGUOBING。