有机茶园不允许使用农药,那该如何防治病虫害呢?看完恍然大悟!

           

网上兼职赚钱指南ZAIXIANDAICHAYUANDESHENGCHANGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHISHIYIXIANGFEICHANGZHONGYAODEYANJIUKETI。YINWEIZAIZHENGGECHAYUANDESHENGTAIHUANJINGXITONGZHONG,CHASHU、CHONGHAIYIJITIANDISHIYIGEXIANGHUZHIYUE、XIANGHUYICUNDEFUZASHENGWUQUNLUOGUANXI。CHASHUZAISHENGZHANGFAYUGUOCHENGZHONG,BUKEBIMIANDEHUIYUDAOGEZHONGBINGCHONGHAIDEQINGKUANG,BAOKUODANBUXIANYUJIAYANXIAOLVYECHAN、CHAMAOCHONG、CHACHIHUO、HEICIFENSHI、JUANYEE、CIE、CHACHIYEBANBING、YEKUBING、CHABINGBINGDENG。YIDANFASHENGZHEIXIEBINGCHONGHAI,QINGZEHUIRANGCHASHUSHENGZHANGFAYUBULIANG,YINGXIANGCHAYEDECHANLIANGHEPINZHI,ZHONGZESHENZHIHUICHUXIANCHASHUDAMIANJISIWANGJUESHOUDEQINGKUANG,JICHANONGDAILAIJIDASUNSHI。

YOUJICHAYESHIYOUJINONGYEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,ZAIZHONGZHISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,BUNENGSHIYONGNONGYAOHUAFEICHUCAOJIDENGYIQIEHUAXUEHECHENGWUZHI。YOUJICHAYUANBINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI,TONGYANGYANGEJINZHISHIYONGHUAXUENONGYAO,YIBANZHINENGTONGGUOCAIYONGNONGYEGUANLICUOSHI、WULIDIAOJIECUOSHIHESHENGWUFANGZHICUOSHIDENGFANGFAJINXINGZONGHEZHILI。SUOYI,ZAIYOUJICHAYUANDEBINGCHONGHAIGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOZUNXUNYI“YUFANGWEIZHU,FANGZHIJIEHE”DEYUANZE。JINTIAN,CHARENLAOQIJIUJIDAJIALAIZHEZHONGJIANGYIXIA,YOUJICHAYUANDEBINGCHONGHAIGUANLI。

一、有机茶园病虫害的农业管理措施

(1)选择抗病虫性较强的优良品种

网上兼职赚钱指南SUIRANWOMENSHUOSUOYOUCHAYUANDOUYOUFASHENGBINGCHONGHAIDEKENENG,DANSHIGENJUGEDICHAYUANSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEBUTONG,BINGCHONGHAIDESHENGWUZHONGLEIHEWEIHAICHENGDUSHIBUYIYANGDE。SUOYIYAOGENJUDANGDIDESHIJIQINGKUANG,YINDIZHIYIDEXUANZEKANGCHONGXINGJIAOQIANGDEYOULIANGPINZHONG。YOUQISHIZAIYOUJICHAYUANXINJIANHUOGAIZAOGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUISHIHEJINXINGCIXIANGNONGYEGUANLICUOSHI,XIAOGUOZUIJIA。

(2)选择适合的茶园间作物种

TONGCHANG,WOMENZAIYOUJICHAYUANDEGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,WEILEDIAOJIECHAYUANDEZHENGTISHENGTAIHUANJINGZHUANGKUANG,HUISHIDANGDEJINXINGYIXIECHAYUANJIANZUOHUODONG。ERZAIJIANZUOTAOZHONGDESHIHOU,YAOXUANZEHESHIDEZHIWUZAIZHONG,ZHEIYANGKEYIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,BIMIANYINWEITAOZHONGERYINFAYANZHONGDEGONGSHENGBINGCHONGHAIXIANXIANG。

(3)进行科学合理的施肥管理

YOUJICHAYUANBUNENGSHIYONGHUAFEI,ZHINENGSHIYONGJINGGUOFUSHUCHULIDENONGJIAYOUJIFEI。NONGJIAFEIZHONGDEDANFEIHANLIANGJIAOGAO,DANSHIFEISHIQUEBUNENGPIANSHIDANFEI,YAOJIEHELINJIAFEIHEQITAWEILIANGYUANSUFEIYIQISHIYONG。SUOYIZHIYOUJINXINGKEXUEHELIDESHIFEI,CAINENGRANGCHASHUXISHOUZUGOUQUANMIANJUNHENGDEYINGYANG,CAINENGTIGAOCHASHUDEKANGNINENGLI,JIANSHAOYECHAN、MANLEIDENGXIZHIXINGCHONGHAIDEFASHENG。

(4)及时进行排水灌溉管理

网上兼职赚钱指南CHASHUSHENGZHANGXIYINXISHI,DANRUGUOCHAYUANJISHUIJIAODUO,MEIYOUJISHIQINGGOUPAISHUIDEHUA,KENENGHUIYOUFACHASHUGENBINGHEHONGXIUZAOBINGDENG,DUICHASHUDESHENGZHANGJIQIBULI。RUGUOCHAYUANZHANGQICHUYUGANHANZHUANGTAI,MEIYOUJISHIJINXINGGUANGAIKANGHANGUANLI,ZEYOUKENENGYOUFAYEKUBING、CHACHIYEBANBINGDENG。SUOYI,PAISHUIGUANGAIGUANLIYESHICHAYUANFANGZHIBINGCHONGHAIDEYIXIANGZHONGYAONONGYECUOSHI。

(5)及时分批多次采摘

网上兼职赚钱指南XIANGXIAOLVYECHANYILEIDEBINGCHONGHAIXIHUANYAOSHICHASHUDENENYAXINSHAO,BINGQIEHAIHUIZAIYAYENEIBUCHANLUAN,FANZHIXIAYIDAI。CHABINGBING、YAKUBING、BAIXINGBINGDENGYEZHUYAOSHIWEIHAIXINNENXIANYE。SUOYIJINXINGJISHIYAYECAIZHAI,KEYIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJIANGZHEIXIEBINGCHONGHAIQINZHANDEYAYEQINGLIGANJING。RUGUOYICIBUGOU,KEYIFENPIDUOCIJINXINGCAIZHAI,WUBIYAOJIANGBINGCHONGHAIYAOSHICHANLUANDECHASHUXIANYEXINSHAOZHIJIEQUCHU,YIMIANYINGXIANGDAOQITAZHENGCHANGDECHASHUSHENGZHANG,WEIHAIZHENGGECHAYUANDEJIANKANGFAYU。

(6)重视茶树修剪管理

网上兼职赚钱指南DUIYUYIXIEBINGCHONGHAIYINGXIANGJIAOWEIYANZHONGDEYOUJICHAYUAN,TONGGUOCAIZHAIDEFANGSHIYIJINGWUFAJINXINGYOUXIAODEFANGZHI。ZHEISHIHOUJIUYOUBIYAOTONGGUOXIUJIANDEFANGSHILAICHULI。CAIYONGQING、SHENDUXIUJIAN,JIANGSHUGUANSHUSHAOHUANBINGBUWEIJIANCHU,DUIYUCHASHUJINGBINGHEJUANYEEDENG,YOUHENHAODEFANGZHIXIAOGUO。ERTAIYIZESHIZHILIAOYANZHONGZHANGBAIJIE、HEICIFENSHIDENGBINGCHONGHAIDEZHONGYAOFANGFA。

二、有机茶园病虫害的物理调节措施

(1)采用人工直接进行捕杀

RENGONGBUSHASHIYOUJICHAYUANBINGCHONGHAIGUANLIZHONGYIXIANGFEICHANGZHIJIEYOUXIAODECUOSHI。LIYONGYIXIETEZHIDEGONGJUHERENLI,DUIZHENGGEYOUJICHAYUAN,TEBIESHIHUANYOUYANZHONGBINGCHONGHAIDECHAYUANJINXINGDITANSHISOUSUO。XIANGCHAMAOCHONG、TIANNIUYOUCHONG、JUANYEE、CHALIWENXIANGJIADENG,DOUKEYISHIYONGRENGONGBUSHADEFANGSHIQINGCHU。BIJIAOYANZHONGDECHASHUJIEQIAOCHONGBINGHUAN,YEKEYICAIYONGRENGONGJINXINGGUACHU。

RENGONGBUSHA,BIXUZUODAO“QINGUANCHA、QINDONGSHOU、QINFUCHA”。YINWEICHAYUANMIZHIDETEXING,YICIBUSHAKENENGHUIYOUSUOYILOU,SUOYIBIXUYAOBAOCHIDUICHAYUANJIGAODEGUANZHUDU,JINXINGDUOCIFUCHA,ZHEIYANGCAINENGJIZAOFAXIAN,JISHICHULI,JISHIZHISUN,JISHIKONGZHIBINGQING,JIEJUEBINGCHONGHAIWEIJI。

(2)使用物理器具进行诱杀

网上兼职赚钱指南ZAIYOUJICHAYUANZHONG,WOMENBIJIAOCHANGYONGDESHACHONGWULIQIJU,BAOKUOPINZHENSHITAIYANGNENGSHACHONGDENG、HUANGSEZHANCHONGBAN、ZIWAIXIANHEIDENGGUANGYOUSHA、YOUBUQIDENG。HENDUOCHONGLEIDOUYOUQUGUANGXING,YINCISHIYONGPINZHENSHITAIYANGNENGSHACHONGDENGHEZIWAIXIANHEIDENGGUANGKEYIYOUJIDUOZHONGKUNCHONG,LUORUTEZHIDIANWANGZHONGCHUSHA,HUOZHETONGGUOFENGXIXITONGFUYAXIYINMIECHONG,YEKEYIZAIDENGXIAFANGZHITIANJIAFEIZAOSHUIDESHUIPENYOUSHA。XIANZAIDEXINSHITAIYANGNENGSHACHONGDENG,YIJINGNENGGOUZUODAOQUFENCHONGHAIHETIANDI,JINLIANGZAIXIAOMIECHONGHAIDETONGSHI,JIANSHAODUIBINGCHONGHAITIANDIDEYINGXIANG,XIAOGUOXIANZHU。

网上兼职赚钱指南TONGSHILIYONGBINGCHONGHAIDEMOUXIEQUHUAXING,ZAIZHANCHONGHUANGBANHUOYOUEQIMINZHONGFANGZHITANG、CU、JIUYEDENGJINXINGYOUBU,LAIMIESHAYOUCHICHAYA、JIAYANXIAOLVYECHANDENG,YOUBIJIAOBUCUODEXIAOGUO。LIYONGGANRAOKUNCHONGXINGXINXISUFANGSHI,JIANGWEIJINGJIAOPEIDECICHONGFUBUMODUANJIANXIA,ZHIYUTEZHIYOUBUQIDELONGNEI,KEYIDALIANGYOUBUXIONGCHONG,ZHISHICICHONGBAOCHIBUYUNZHUANGTAI,JIANGDIXIAYIDAIDECHONGKOUSHULIANG。ZHEIYESHIWULIFANGZHIDEYIZHONGYOUXIAOFANGSHI。

三、有机茶园的生物防治措施

SUOWEISHENGWUFANGZHI,JIUSHILIYONGBINGCHONGHAIDETIANDIJINXINGMIESHADEYIZHONGFANGFA,KEYIYOUXIAOJIANGDIBINGCHONGHAIDEZHONGQUNSHULIANG,ERQIEBUHUIDUIRENLEIJICHAYUANHUANJINGDAILAIDUODADEWEIHAI,XIAOGUOCHIXUSHIJIANJIAOZHANG,CHENGBENXIANGDUIBIJIAODILIAN。WEIYIBUZUDEJIUSHIHUIZENGDUOTIANDIDEZHONGQUNSHULIANG,JIANXIAOXIANGDUIJIAOMAN,XUYAOZUGOUDUODESHIJIANCHENGBEN。SUOYI,YOUJICHAYUANDESHENGWUFANGZHI,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAI“FANG”ZISHANGMIAN,YIYUFANGWEIZHU,TONGGUOZHANGQIDEDIAOKONG,JIANGBINGCHONGHAIKONGZHIZAIYIGEJIAODIDESHUIPING。

(1)利用植物特性驱除害虫

ZIRANJIEZHONGSHENGWUGONGSHENG、HUXIANGZHIYUE,BUFENZHIWUJUYOUYIXIETEXING,BIRUSHIFANGTESHUDEQIWEI,KEYIYOUXIAOQUCHONG。ZAIYOUJICHAYUANDEBINGCHONGHAISHENGWUFANGZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOCHONGFENXIAOLIYONGZHEIXIEZHIWUTEDIAN,ZAICHAYUANXINGJIANHUOCHAYUANZHOUBIAN,JINXINGJIANZUOTAOZHONGCHUCHONGJU、BOHE、DASUANDENGQUCHUHAICHONGXIAOGUOJIAOQIANGDEZHIWU。

(2)利用植物吸引培植天敌

HENDUOCHAYUANBINGCHONGHAIDETIANDI,SHENGZHANGSHIXUYAOCHONGFENXISHOUYINGYANG,YOUQISHIYIXIEDAXINGJISHENGXINGDETIANDI。RUGUOCHAYUANZHONGZHIYOUYIZHONGZHIWUYUAN——CHASHUDEHUA,XIANRANBUZUYIXIYINZUGOUSHULIANGDETIANDIDAOLAI,GENGBUKENENGPEIZHITIANDIZHONGQUN。SUOYI,KEYIZAIZHOUBIANZHONGZHIYIXIEMIYUANZHIWU,ZENGJIAHUAFENHUAMIDESHULIANG,XIYINHEPEIZHITIANDI,CONGERDADAOYOUXIAOFANGZHICHAYUANBINGCHONGHAIDEMUDE。

(3)利用生物源农药防治

网上兼职赚钱指南YOUJICHAYUANKEYIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANG,YOUXIANDUDESHIYONGBUFENSHENGWUYUANNONGYAO,BAOKUOWEISHENGWUYUAN、ZHIWUYUANHEDONGWUYUANNONGYAO。ZAISHIYONGQIAN,BIXUZUOHAOSHENGWUYUANNONGYAODEJIANCHAGONGZUO,QUERENFUHEYOUJICHASHIYONGBIAOZHUN,TONGGUORENZHENGSHENCHA,SHOUXUWANBEI,BAOGUANTUODANG。SHIYONGSHIYAOYANGEANZHAOSHIYONGFANGFAHESHUOMINGJINXINGCAOZUO。SHIYONGHOUYAOJISHIGUANCHABINGCHONGHAISHAMIEQINGKUANG,ZUOHAOXIANGXIJILUBEICHA。